The long duration of the COVID-19 pandemic has now compelled people to come out of their cells and begin engaging in various activities using different modes and in different places, which involves a high risk of being infected by COVID-19. This work aims to analyze the degree of the risk involved in such activities with the implementation of the latest re-open and unlock phase in India, the second most COVID-19 affected country. Seven important activities and the mode and place of conducting these activities are considered as the main criteria and sub-criteria of this study. The responses are formed with a pairwise comparison matrix, and an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach is used to calculate the criteria/sub-criteria weights. An integrated AHP analysis output representation consisting of the degree of risk, grades, ranking, and major reasons of risk for each criterion and sub-criteria of this work is presented. This risk assessment study may help identify risky activities so that people can choose other available alternatives.
COVID-19, AHP, Risk Assessment, Decision-making, MCDM
Chaiyaphan, C., &Ransikarbum, K. (2020). Criteria analysis of food safety using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)- a case study of Thailand’s fresh markets. E3S Web of Conferences, 141, 02001. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202014102001
Crawford, G., & Williams, C. (1985). A note on the analysis of subjective judgment matrices. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 29(4), 387-405. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2496(85)90002-1
Lockdown implementationorder (2020). Available :https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/PR_NationalLockdown_26032020_0.pdf
Improta, G., Perrone, A., Russo, M. A., & Triassi, M. (2019).Health technology assessment (HTA) of optoelectronic biosensors for oncology by analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and Likert scale. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19(1), 140. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0775-z
Lyu, H. M., Shen, S. L., Zhou, A., & Yang, J. (2020). Risk assessment of mega-city infrastructures related to land subsidence using improved trapezoidal FAHP. Science of The Total Environment, 717, 135310. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135310
Phase 4 re-open and unlock (2020).Availablehttps://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/MHAOrder_Unlock4_29082020.pdf
Population of India (2020).Available: https://www.worldometers.info/worldpopulation/india-population/.
Rajak, M., & Shaw, K. (2019).Evaluation and selection of mobile health (mHealth) applications using AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS. Technology in Society, 59, 101186. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2019.101186
Rosenbloom, E. S. (1997). A probabilistic interpretation of the final rankings in AHP. European Journal of Operational Research, 96(2), 371-378. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-2217(96)00049-5
Saaty, R. W. (1987). The analytic hierarchy process—what it is and how it is used. Mathematical Modelling, 9(3-5), 161-176. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0270-0255(87)90473-8
Saaty, T. L. (1977). A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 15(3), 234-281. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2496(77)90033-5
Saaty, T. L. (1990). How to make a decision: the analytic hierarchy process. European Journal of Operational Research, 48(1), 9-26. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-2217(90)90057-i
Setti, L., Passarini, F., De Gennaro, G., Barbieri, P., Perrone, M. G., Borelli, M., ...&Miani, A. (2020). Airborne transmission route of COVID-19: why 2 meters/6 feet of inter-personal distance could not be enough. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.17(8): 2932. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph17082932
Simon, J., Adamu, A., Abdulkadir, A., & Henry, A. S. (2019). Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) model for prioritizing alternative strategies for malaria control. Asian Journal of Probability and Statistics, 1-8. Doi: https://doi.org/10.9734/ajpas/2019/v5i130124
Wang, C., Horby, P. W., Hayden, F. G., &Gao, G. F. (2020). A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet, 395(10223), 470-473. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(20)30185-9
Worldometers.COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic. Available: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country./India/.
Copyright of all articles published in IJAHP is transferred to Creative Decisions Foundation (CDF). However, the author(s) reserve the following:
- All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
- The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain permission from CDF as well. However, CDF may grant rights with respect to journal issues as a whole.
- The right to use all or parts of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, textbooks, or reprint books.
- The authors affirm that the article has been neither copyrighted nor published, that it is not being submitted for publication elsewhere, and that if the work is officially sponsored, it has been released for open publication.
The only exception to the statements in the paragraph above is the following: If an article published in IJAHP contains copyrighted material, such as a teaching case, as an appendix, then the copyright (and all commercial rights) of such material remains with the original copyright holder.
CDF will receive permission for publication of copyrighted material in IJAHP. This permission is not transferable to third parties. Permission to make electronic and paper copies of part or all of the articles, including all computer files that are linked to the articles, for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage.
This permission does not apply to previously copyrighted material, such as teaching cases. In paper copies of the article, the copyright notice and the title of the publication and its date should be visible. To copy otherwise is permitted provided that a per-copy fee is paid.
To republish, to post on servers, or redistribute to lists requires that you post a link to the IJAHP article, which is available in open access delivery mode. Do not upload the article itself.
Authors are permitted to present a talk, based on a paper submitted to or accepted by IJAHP, at a conference where the paper would not be published in a copyrighted publication either before or after the conference and where the author did not assign copyright to the conference or related publisher.