AN ANALYTICAL HIERARCHICAL PROCESS FOR PRIORITISING THE SAFETY MANAGEMENT ELEMENTS FOR A MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATION IN BANGLADESH
This paper identifies typical hazard and risk elements in a manufacturing organization, studies management elements currently used in the organization, and presents an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) decision model for assessing the priority of safety management elements. Specifically, the paper addresses a hierarchy decision model for assessing the priority of safety management elements of a battery manufacturing company in Bangladesh. Safety management elements and decision criteria are identified by using OSHA and NIOSH standards. Empirical data are collected through personal interviews with safety personnel, experts and professionals in the battery manufacturing company and through spot surveying. Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process, a list of six decision criteria and ten safety management elements, which constitute the AHP alternatives, are identified and their relative importance is evaluated. Using AHP methodology, the top three safety elements that have been identified and are needed to implement a Safety Management System (SMS) include a personal protection program, emergency preparedness and safety organization. The identification of core decision criteria and safety management elements found in this research may be useful for effective implementation of SMS in manufacturing organizations.