Published Jul 31, 2019
Remigiusz Gawlik


The paper presents the results of ranking of the significance of quality of life determinants by University students that are starting professional activities. Research methodology: literature review; elaboration of an AHP decision-making model; two-stage expert selection; significance rankings by experts and a graphical and descriptive presentation of obtained results. Research sample: 14 experts out of almost 200 University students. Research outcome: a decision-making model that aims at maximizing the life satisfaction of future employees as a function of their individual assessments of significance of particular determinants of quality of life. Research implications: a more accurate adaptation to trends on the labor market and creation of new business models. Research limitation: narrowing the group of experts to University students. Value added of the research: better-motivated employees with a satisfactory level of work-life balance will contribute to an increase of societal satisfaction level.

How to Cite

Gawlik, R. (2019). ENHANCING THE WORK-LIFE BALANCE THROUGH AHP MODELING OF EARLY CAREER DECISION-MAKING. International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, 11(2), 181–194. https://doi.org/10.13033/ijahp.v11i2.626


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 1046 | PDF Downloads 309



AHP, quality of life, work-life balance, human resources, MCDM

Abel-Smith, B., & Townsend, P. (1965). The poor and the poorest. Occasional Papers on Social Administration, 17, London: Bell & Sons.

Adame, C., Caplliure, E-M., & Miquel, M-J. (2016). Work–life balance and firms: a matter of women? Journal of Business Research, 69(4), 1379–1383.

Atkinson, A.B. (1983). The Economics of inequality (2nd ed). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Barzilai, J. (2001). Notes on the Analytic Hierarchy Process. In: Proceedings of the 2001 NSF Design, Service & Manufacturing Grantees & Research Conference (pp. 1-6). Tampa, FL: National Science Foundation.

Belton, V., & Gear, A.E. (1983). On a shortcoming of Saaty’s method of analytic hierarchies. Omega, 11(3), 228–230.

Ben Amor, S., Jabeur, K., & Martel, J-M. (2007). Multiple criteria aggregation procedure for mixed evaluations. European Journal of Operational Research, 181, 1506–1515.

Cabello, J.M., Luque, M., Miguel, F., Ruiz, A.B., & Ruiz, F. (2014). A multiobjective interactive approach to determine the optimal electricity mix in Andalucía (Spain). TOP, 22(1), 109–127.

Durbach, I.N., & Stewart, T.J. (2012). Modeling uncertainty in multi-criteria decision analysis. European Journal of Operational Research, 223(1), 1–14.

Dyer, J.S. (1990). Remarks on the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Management Science, 36(3), 249–258.

Author, R. (2016). Methodological Aspects of qualitative-quantitative analysis of decision-making processes. Management and Production Engineering Review, 7(2), 3–11.

Author, R. (2016). Stratification of research target group and selection of experts for AHP based decision making model (Stratyfikacja próby badawczej i dobór ekspertów na przyk?adzie modelu decyzyjnego opartego na metodzie AHP, in Polish). Studia i Materia?y "Miscellanea Oeconomicae", 20(3), 193–200.

Author, R. (2013). Material and non-material determinants of European youth’s life quality. In: Delener, N., Fuxman, L., Lu, F.V., Rodrigues, S., Rivera, L.E. (eds.) Globalizing businesses for the next century: visualizing and developing contemporary approaches to harness future opportunities (pp. 339-346). New York, NY: Global Business and Technology Association.

Author, R., & Jacobsen, G. (2016). Work-life balance decision-making of norwegian students: implications for human resources management. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 4(4), 153–170.

Author, R., Titarenko, R., Titov, S. (2015). Perception of quality of life and its components between russian students and its implications for university lecturers. Horizons of Politics 6(16), 127–150.

Graafland, J., & Compen, B. (2015). Economic freedom and life satisfaction: mediation by income per capita and generalized trust. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(3), 789–810.

Hansen, K.B. (2015) Exploring compatibility between “subjective well-being” and “sustainable living” in Scandinavia. Social Indicators Research, 122(1), 175–187.

Ivlev, I., Vacek, J., & Kneppo, P. (2015). Multi-criteria decision analysis for supporting the selection of medical devices under uncertainty. European Journal of Operational Research, 247, 216–228.

Lau, E.Y.Y., Cheung, S-H., Lam, J. Hui, C.H., Cheung, S-F., & Mok, D.S.Y. (2015). Purpose-driven life: life goals as a predictor of quality of life and psychological health. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(5), 1163–1184.

Layard, R. (2005). Happiness: Lessons from a New Science. New York, NY: Penguin Press.

Learmonth, Y.C., Alwick, E.A., McAuley, E., & Motl, R.W. (2015). Quality of life and health-related QoL over 1 year in older women: monitoring stability and reliability of measurement. Social Indicators Research, 123(1), 267–279.

Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper.

Newman, A., Nielsen, I., Smyth, R., & Hooke, A. (2015). Examining the relationship between workplace support and life satisfaction: the mediating role of job satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 120(3), 769–781.

Pomerol, J.C., & Barba-Romero, S. (2000). Multicriterion decision in management: principles and practice. International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, 25, New York, NY: Springer.

Rezaei, J. (2015). Best-worst multi-criteria decision-making method. Omega, 53, 49–57.

Russo, M., Shteigman, A., & Carmeli, A. (2016). Workplace and family support and work–life balance: implications for individual psychological availability and energy at work. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(2), 173–188.

Saaty, T.L. (1999). Decision making for leaders: the Analytic Hierarchy Process for decisions in a complex World. Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T.L. (1996). Multicriteria decision making. Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T.L. (1980). The Analytic Hierarchy Process. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Saaty, T.L., Vargas, L., & Whitaker, R. (2009). Addressing with brevity criticisms of the Analytic Hierarchy Process. International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, 1(2), 121–134.

Sa?abun, W. (2014). Reduction in the number of comparisons required to create matrix of expert judgment in the COMET method. Management and Production Engineering Review, 5(3), 62–69.

Schuessler, K.F., & Fisher, G.A. (1985). Quality of Life Research and Sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 11, 129–149.

Sen, A.K. (1985). Commodities and capabilities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Smith, A. (1759). The theory of moral sentiments. Strand: A. Millar; Edinburgh: A. Kincaid & J. Bell.

?erban-Oprescu, G. (2012). Economic approaches to sustainability and quality of life – an epistemological study. The Romanian Economic Journal, 46 bis, 79–96.

Somarriba Arechavala, N., Zarzosa Espina, P., & Pena Trapero, B. (2015). The economic crisis and its effects on the quality of life in the European Union. Social Indicators Research, 120(2), 323–343.

Teixeira de Almeida, A., Araujo de Almeida, J., Cabral Seixas Costa, A.P., & Teixeira de Almeida-Filho, A. (2016). A new method for elicitation of criteria weights in additive models: flexible and interactive tradeoff. European Journal of Operational Research, 250, 179–191.

Ulman, P., & Šoltés, E. (2015). The monetary and non-monetary aspects of poverty in Poland and Slovakia. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(1), 61–73.

Varmazyar, M., Dehghanbaghi, M., & Afkhami, M. (2016). A novel hybrid MCDM model for performance evaluation of research and technology organizations based on BSC approach. Evaluation and Program Planning, 58, 125–140.

Zopounidis, C., & Doumpos, M. (2015). Multicriteria decision systems for financial problems. TOP, 21(2), 241–261.

Zuzanek, J. (2009). Time use imbalances: developmental and emotional costs. In: K. Matuska & C. Christiansen, C. (eds.), Life balance: biological, psychological and sociological perspectives on lifestyle and health (pp. 207–222). Bethesda: AOTA Press.