DETERMINING THE OVERALL STRESS FACTORS FOR POLICEMEN BY AHP METHOD
The country of Turkey has seen such mess since “Occupy Gezi Park” in 2013. This mess has included events such as terrorism attacks, suicide bomber explosions in crowded public places, war conditions both inside the country and at the borders, protests against the government and meetings that the authorities deem illegal. In almost all these situations involving disturbances, the main responsibility falls to the policemen. It is important to remember that policemen are human beings and their jobs and responsibilities place huge loads on their shoulders. While the public expects them to do their job, which is to provide public safety, one must also consider the factors that negatively affect them and make their job stressful. This research aims to order all of the stress factors of policemen hierarchically using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method, and then suggest solutions to cope with these stressors. According to the results, “danger level” is the greatest stressor, and “age” is the least stressor.
Berg, A. M., Hem, E., Lau, B., Haseth, K., Ekeberg, O. (2005). Stress in Norwegian police service, Occupational Medicine, 55(1), 113-120. Doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqi023
Birkök, C. (2000). Poliste Çatışma ve stres yönetimi, Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi, 1-9.
Blaug, R., Kenyon, A., Lekhi, R. (2007). Stress at work, www.theworkfoundation.com Access date: 17th April 2016.
Crawford, G., Williams, C. (1985). The analysis of subjective judgment matrices, Project AIR FORCE Report Prepared for the United States Air Force, 1-34.
Deschamps, F., Paganon-Badinier, I., Marchand A. C., Merle, C. (2003). Sources and assessment of occupational stress in the police, Journal of Occupational Health, 45(1) 358-364. Doi: http://doi.org/10.1539/joh.45.358.
Dong, Q., Cooper, O. (2016). A peer to peer dynamic adaptive consensus reaching model for the group AHP decision making, European Journal of Operational Research, 250(2), 521-530. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2015.09.016
Eren, E. (2014). Örgütsel davranış ve yönetim psikolojisi, Beta, İstanbul.
Karakaya, A. (2002). Emniyet mensuplarının demografik özellikleri ile stres faktörleri arasındaki İlişki Üzerine bir araştırma, Teknoloji, 5(2), 71-81.
Kendall, E., Muenchberger, H. (2009). Stress at work: Using a process model to assist employers to understand the trajectory, Occupational Concerns and Workplace Well-Health, 32(1), 19-25.
Kendall, E., Murphy, P., O’Neill, V., Bursnall, S. (2000). Occupational stress: Factors that contribute to its occurrence and effective management, Workers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Commission, http:/wwww.workcover.wa.gov.au Access Date: 16th April 2016.
Kuo, S. (2015). Occupational stress, job satisfaction, and affective Ccommitment to policing among Taiwanese police officers, Police Quarterly, 18(1), 27-54. Doi:10.1177/1098611114559039
Lindfors, S., Eintrei, C., Alexanderson, K. (2009). Stress factors affecting academic physicians at a University hospital, Occupational Concerns and Workplace Well-Health, 34(1), 305-313.
Loriol, M. (2016). Collective forms of coping and the social construction of work stress among industrial workers and police officers in France, Theory & Pschology, 26(1), 112-129. Doi:10.1177/0959354315616877
Luthans, F. (1992). Organizational Behavior, Istanbul: McGraw Hill.
Michie, S. (2009). Causes and management of stress at work, Occupational and. Environmental Medicine, 59(1), 67-72. Doi:10.1136/oem.59.1.67
Mkumbo, K. (2014). Prevalence of and factors associated with work stress in academia in Tanzania, International Journal of Higher Education, 3(1), 1-11. Doi: 10.5430/ijhe.v3n1p1
Newman, D. W., Rucker-Reed, M. L. (2004). Police stress, state-trait anxiety, and stressors among U.S. marshals, Journal of Criminal Justice, 32(1), 631-641. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2004.08.003
Patterson, G. T. (2003). Examining the effects of coping and social support on work and life stress among police officers, Journal of Criminal Justice, 31(1), 215-226. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0047-2352(03)00003-5
Robbins, S. P, Judge, T. A. (2009). Organizational Behavior, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Saaty, T. L. (1991). Some mathematical concepts of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, Behaviormetrika, 18(29), 1-9. Doi: http://doi.org/10/23333/bhmk.18.29_1
Saaty, T. L., Vargas, L. G. (2012). Models, methods, concepts & applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, New York: Springer.
Storch, J. E., Panzarella, R. (1996). Police stress: State-trait anxiety in relation to occupational and personal stressors, Journal of Criminal Justice, 24(2), 99-107. Doi:10.1016/0047-2352(95)00058-5
Supçiller, A. A., Çapraz, O. (2011). AHP-TOPSIS yöntemine dayalı tedarikçi seçimi uygulaması, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi Ekonometri ve İstatistik Dergisi, 13, 1-22.
Tekiner, M. A., Tavas, B. (2016). Employee job satisfaction on the effect of stress management skills gain: Sample of police organization, The Journal of International Social Research, 9(42), 1658-1671.
Tutar, H. (2004). Kriz ve stres yönetimi, Ankara: Seçkin.
Violanti, J. M., Aron, F. (1995)., Police stressors: Variations in perception among police personnel, Journal of Criminal Justice, 23(3), 287-294. Doi:10.1016/0047-2352(95)00012-F