Open Journal Systems


Sanjay Kumar, Sunil Luthra, Abid Haleem


The management of Industry-Institute Interactions (III) has been found to be an important aspect in today’s market. In this paper an attempt has been made to identify Critical Factors (CFs) and rank these for effective III from an Indian perspective. The present paper is based on two research stages. Initially, an extensive literature review was conducted to identify CFs of III. Forty three CFs for effective III were identified and categorized into nine dimensions based on input from experts. In the second stage, the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was utilized to rank these dimensions and CFs for effective III from an Indian perspective. Paired comparisons in AHP were based on the opinions of experts (selected from academia and industry). The proposed decision framework may offer some valuable guidelines for policy makers to develop their plan of action in terms of design of short and long term policies and strategies to promote effective III in India. A sensitivity analysis was also performed to investigate the robustness and priority ranking stability of CFs in the proposed framework. This paper may help India to achieve and manage effective III leading to potential economic, social, political, cultural and environmental advantages.


Critical Factors (CFs); Indian perspective; Industry- Institute Interactions (III); Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP); research and development (R & D); sensitivity analysis

Full Text:



Afonso, A., Ramírez, J. J., &Díaz-Puente, J. M. (2012).University-industry cooperation in the education domain to foster competitiveness and employment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 3947-3953. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.177

Albury, D. (2005). Fostering innovation in public services. Public Money and Management, 25(1), 51-56.

All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE). Online available at: (Accessed: December 13, 2013).

Alrawi, K., &Alrawi, W. (2011). Knowledge management for marketing management: Implementing information technology to distribution channel performance. Journal of Knowledge & Human Resource Management, 3(4), 37-50.

Archibugi, D., &Pietrobelli, C. (2003). The globalization of technology and its implications for developing countries: Windows of opportunity or further burden? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 70(9), 861-883. doi:10.1016/S0040-1625(02)00409-2

Association of Indian Universities (AIU). Online available at: (Accessed: December 12, 2013).

Ayla, C. D., &İşgören, N. Ç. (2010).University-industry cooperation in terms of textile-apparel education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 3437-3441. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.530

Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustainable competitive advantage.Journal of Management 17(1), 99–120. doi: 10.1177/014920639101700108

Bercovitz, J. E., & Feldman, M. P. (2007). Fishing upstream: Firm innovation strategy and university research alliances. Research Policy, 36(7), 930-948. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2007.03.002

Bozeman, B. (2000). Technology transfer and public policy: A review of research and theory. Research Policy, 29(4), 627-655. doi:10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00093-1

Bruneel, J., d’Este, P., & Salter, A. (2010).Investigating the factors that diminish the barriers to university–industry collaboration. Research Policy, 39(7), 858-868. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2010.03.006

Cameron, K. S., & Quinn, R. E. (2005). Diagnosing and changing organizational culture: Based on the competing values framework. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 25, 2013).

Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI). Online available at: http:// (Accessed: December 19, 2013).

Central Tibetan Schools Administration (CTSA), Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 25, 2013).

Centre for Studies in Civilization, Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture (PHISPC). Online available at: (Accessed: December 12, 2013).

Chakrabarti, A. K., & Lester, R. K. (2002). Regional economic development: Comparative case studies in the US and Finland. In Engineering Management Conference, 2002.IEMC'02. 2002 IEEE International,(2), 635-642. doi:10.1109/IEMC.2002.1038510

Chen, C. J., & Huang, J. W. (2007). How organizational climate and structure affect knowledge management—The social interaction perspective. International Journal of Information Management, 27(2), 104-118. doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2006.11.001

Chien, M. K., & Shih, L. H. (2007). An empirical study of the implementation of green supply chain management practices in the electrical and electronic industry and their relation to organizational performances. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(3), 383-394.

COM, E. (2007). Improving knowledge transfer between research institutions and industry across Europe: embracing open innovation. Brussels, 4, 2007.

Council of Architecture (COA), India. Online available at: (Accessed: December 13, 2013).

Cummings, J. N., &Kiesler, S. (2005). Collaborative research across disciplinary and organizational boundaries. Social Studies of Science, 35(5), 703-722. doi: 10.1177/0306312705055535

Cummings, J. N., &Kiesler, S. (2007). Coordination costs and project outcomes in multi-university collaborations. Research Policy, 36(10), 1620-1634. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2007.09.001

Czarnitzki, D., Hanel, P., & Rosa, J. M. (2011).Evaluating the impact of R&D tax credits on innovation: A micro econometric study on Canadian firms.Research Policy, 40(2), 217-229. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2010.09.017

Dai, Y., Kong, D., & Wang, M. (2013). Investor reactions to food safety incidents: Evidence from the Chinese milk industry. Food Policy, 43, 23-31. doi:10.1016/j.foodpol.2013.08.004

Department of Technical Education (DTE), Haryana. Online available at: (Accessed: December 13, 2013).

Diamantopoulos, A., Schlegelmilch, B. B., Sinkovics, R. R., & Bohlen, G. M. (2003). Can socio-demographics still play a role in profiling green consumers? A review of the evidence and an empirical investigation. Journal of Business Research, 56(6), 465-480. doi:10.1016/S0148-2963(01)00241-7

Edmondson, G., Valigra, L., Kenward, M., Hudson, R. L., & Belfield, H. (2012). Making industry-university partnerships work: Lessons from successful collaborations. Science Business Innovation Board AISBL.

Erkuş-Öztürk, H., &Eraydın, A. (2010). Environmental governance for sustainable tourism development: Collaborative networks and organization building in the Antalya tourism region. Tourism Management, 31(1), 113-124. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2009.01.002

Etzkowitz, H. (2011). The triple helix: Science, technology and the entrepreneurial spirit. Journal of Knowledge-Based Innovation in China, 3(2), 76-90.


Etzkowitz, H., &Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: From national systems and “Mode 2” to a triple helix of university–industry–government relations. Research policy, 29(2), 109-123. doi:10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00055-4

Faems, D., Van Looy, B., &Debackere, K. (2005). Inter-organizational collaboration and innovation: Toward a portfolio approach*. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 22(3), 238-250. doi: 10.1111/j.0737-6782.2005.00120.x

Fiaz, M. (2013). An empirical study of university–industry R&D collaboration in China: Implications for technology in society. Technology in Society, 35(3), 191-202. doi:10.1016/j.techsoc.2013.03.005

Fombrun, C. (1996). Reputation: Realizing value from the corporate image. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. doi: 10.1002/npr.4040150212

Fontana, R., Geuna, A., & Matt, M. (2006). Factors affecting university–industry R&D projects: The importance of searching, screening and signaling. Research Policy, 35(2), 309-323. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2005.12.001

Freitas, I. M. B., Geuna, A., & Rossi, F. (2013).Finding the right partners: Institutional and personal modes of governance of university–industry interactions. Research Policy, 42(1), 50-62. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.06.007

Gidley, J. M., Hampson, G. P., Wheeler, L., &Bereded-Samuel, E. (2010). From access to success: An integrated approach to quality higher education informed by social inclusion theory and practice. Higher Education Policy, 23(1), 123-147. doi:10.1057/hep.2009.24

Greenhalgh, T., Robert, G., Macfarlane, F., Bate, P., &Kyriakidou, O. (2004). Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: Systematic review and recommendations. Milbank Quarterly, 82(4), 581-629. doi: 10.1111/j.0887-378X.2004.00325.x

Guan, J., & Zhao, Q. (2013). The impact of university–industry collaboration networks on innovation in nanobiopharmaceuticals. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80(7), 1271-1286. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2012.11.013

Hartono, A. (2008). Adopting socio-demographic characteristics in profiling green consumers: A review of hypotheses. Jurnal Siasat Bisnis, 12(1), 55-62.

Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR), New Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 12, 2013).

Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR), New Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 12, 2013).

Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), New Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 12, 2013).

Indian Institute of Advance Study (IIAS), Shimla. Online available at: (Accessed: December 12, 2013).

Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB).Online available at: (Accessed: December 19, 2013).

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Online available at: (Accessed: December 19, 2013).

Jung, H. J. (2014). The impacts of science and technology policy interventions on university research: Evidence from the US National Nanotechnology Initiative. Research Policy, 43(1), 74-91.Doi:10.1016/j.respol.2013.07.001

Kaufmann, A., &Tödtling, F. (2001). Science–industry interaction in the process of innovation: The importance of boundary-crossing between systems. Research Policy, 30(5), 791-804. doi:10.1016/S0048-7333(00)00118-9

KendriyaVidyalayaSangathan, New Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 25, 2013).

Khanna, M., Jacob, I., & Yadav, N. (2014). Identifying and analyzing touchpoints for building a higher education brand. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 24(1), 122-143. doi:10.1080/08841241.2014.920460

Korres, M. G. M. (2012). Technical change and economic growth: Inside the knowledge based economy. United Kingdom: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Kulkarni, J. A., Pachpande, A., Pachpande, S, & Kulkarni, J. A. (2011). Case studies in management. New Delhi, India: Pearson Education.

Kumar, S. (2014). Contextual interactions analytic hierarchy process (CIAHP): Introduction and application to analyze interactions among knowledge management implementation capability (KMIC) factors. International Journal of Knowledge and Learning, 9(3), 242-263. doi:

Kumar, S., Luthra, S., & Haleem, A. (2013). Customer involvement in greening the supply chain: An interpretive structural modeling methodology. Journal of Industrial Engineering International, 9(1), 1-13. doi:10.1186/2251-712X-9-6

Kumar, S., Luthra, S., & Haleem, A. (2014). Critical success factors of customer involvement in greening the supply chain: An empirical study. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 19(3), 283-310. doi:

Kumar, S., Parashar, N., & Haleem, A. (2009). Analytical hierarchy process applied to vendor selection problem: Small scale, medium scale and large scale industries. Business Intelligence Journal, 2(2), 355-362.

Lagendijk, A., & Cornford, J. (2000).Regional institutions and knowledge–tracking new forms of regional development policy. Geoforum, 31(2), 209-218. doi:10.1016/S0016-7185(99)00031-7

Lai, W. H. (2011). Willingness-to-engage in technology transfer in industry–university collaborations. Journal of Business Research, 64(11), 1218-1223. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.06.026

Laine, K. (2008). A Finnish concept for academic entrepreneurship: The case of Satakunta University of Applied Sciences. Industry and Higher Education, 22(1), 19-28. doi:

Laursen, K., & Salter, A. (2004). Searching high and low: What types of firms use universities as a source of innovation? Research Policy, 33(8), 1201-1215.

Laursen, K., Reichstein, T., & Salter, A. (2011).Exploring the effect of geographical proximity and university quality on university–industry collaboration in the United Kingdom. Regional Studies, 45(4), 507-523. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2004.07.004

Liew, M. S., Shahdan, T. T., & Lim, E. S. (2013).Enablers in enhancing the relevancy of university-industry collaboration. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 93, 1889-1896. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.135

Luthra, S., Kumar, V., Kumar, S., & Haleem, A. (2011). Barriers to implement green supply chain management in automobile industry using interpretive structural modeling technique: An Indian perspective. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 4(2), 231-257. doi:10.3926/jiem.2011.v4n2.p231-257

Luthra, S., Garg, D., & Haleem, A. (2013). Identifying and ranking of strategies to implement green supply chain management in Indian manufacturing industry using analytical hierarchy process. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 6(4), 930-962. doi:

Luthra, S., Garg, D., & Haleem, A. (2014). Green supply chain management: Implementation and performance–a literature review and some issues. Journal of Advances in Management Research, 11(1), 20-46.


Luthra, S., Kumar, S., Garg, D., & Haleem, A. (2015a). Barriers to renewable/sustainable energy technologies adoption: Indian perspective. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 41, 762-776.

Luthra, S., Mangla, S. K., &Kharb, R. K. (2015b).Sustainable assessment in energy planning and management in Indian perspective. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 47, 58-73. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.03.007

Majumdar, S. (2008). Industry-institute interaction to public-private partnership: A journey to excellence. In International Symposium on Public-Private Partnership in TVET-Challenges, Opportunities and Best Practices, Manila, 1-11.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001).Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 397-422. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.397

Meyer-Krahmer, F., &Schmoch, U. (1998). Science-based technologies: University–industry interactions in four fields. Research Policy, 27(8), 835-851. doi:10.1016/S0048-7333(98)00094-8

Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD). Online available at: (Accessed: December 11, 2013).

Mohan, S. R. (2011). Understanding interactions between research institutes and industry: Indian perspective. Journal of Technology Management for Growing Economies, 2(2), 113-138.

Mowery, D. C. (2012).Defense-related R&D as a model for “Grand Challenges” technology policies. Research Policy, 41(10), 1703-1715. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.03.027

Mudgal, R. K., Shankar, R., Talib, P., & Raj, T. (2010).Modelling the barriers of green supply chain practices: An Indian perspective. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 7(1), 81-107. doi:

Muscio, A., &Nardone, G. (2012).The determinants of university–industry collaboration in food science in Italy. Food Policy, 37(6), 710-718. doi:10.1016/j.foodpol.2012.07.003

Muscio, A., Quaglione, D., &Vallanti, G. (2013). Does government funding complement or substitute private research funding to universities?. Research Policy, 42(1), 63-75. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.04.010

Nambisan, S. (2009). Virtual customer environments: IT-enabled customer co-innovation and value co-creation. Springer US. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1081-3_6

National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) New Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 25, 2013).

National Council for Teachers, India. Online available at: (Accessed: December 25, 2013).

National Council of Rural Institutes (NCRI), Hyderabad. Online available at: (Accessed: December 12, 2013).

National Institute of Open Schooling, Noida, Uttar Pradesh. Online available at: (Accessed: December 25, 2013).

National Knowledge Commission.(2008). Report of working group on engineering education. Working Group on Engineering Education. Available at: http://knowledgecomm downloads/documents/wg_engineer.pdf (Accessed: December 13, 2013).

National Research Development Corporation (NRDC), India. Online available at: (Accessed: December 21, 2013).

NavodayaVidyalayaSamiti, New Delhi. Online available at: (Accessed: December 25, 2013).

Numprasertchai, S., &Igel, B. (2005). Managing knowledge through collaboration: Multiple case studies of managing research in university laboratories in Thailand. Technovation, 25(10), 1173-1182. doi:10.1016/j.technovation.2004.03.001

Official website of Haryana Government (2013). Online available at: December 11, 2013).

Orecchini, F., Valitutti, V., &Vitali, G. (2012). Industry and academia for a transition towards sustainability: advancing sustainability science through university–business collaborations. Sustainability science, 7(1), 57-73. doi: 10.1007/s11625-011-0151-3

Ostrom, E. (2007). A general framework for analyzing sustainability of. In Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B, (274), 1931.

Partha, D., & David, P. A. (1994).Toward a new economics of science.Research policy, 23(5), 487-521. doi:10.1016/0048-7333(94)01002-1

Peng, T., Lu, F. J., Wang, G. Y., San, F. B., & Zhao, X. W. (2013). Study on the Optimization Mechanism about Behavior Selection of Healthy Pig Industry Chain. IERI Procedia, 5, 161-165. doi:10.1016/j.ieri.2013.11.086

Perkmann, M., & Walsh, K. (2009). The two faces of collaboration: Impacts of university-industry relations on public research. Industrial and Corporate Change, 18(6), 1033-1065.Doi: 10.1093/icc/dtp015

Perkmann, M., King, Z., &Pavelin, S. (2011). Engaging excellence? Effects of faculty quality on university engagement with industry. Research Policy, 40(4), 539-552. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2011.01.007

Perkmann, M., Tartari, V., McKelvey, M., Autio, E., Broström, A., D’Este, P., &Sobrero, M. (2013). Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university–industry relations. Research Policy, 42(2), 423-442. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007

Polt, W., Gassler, H., Schibany, A., Rammer, C., &Schartinger, D. (2001). Benchmarking industry—science relations: The role of framework conditions. Science and Public Policy, 28(4), 247-258.

Saaty T. L. (2000). Fundamentals of decision making and priority theory. Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T. L. (1980). The analytic hierarchy process: Planning, priority setting, resources allocation. New York: McGraw Hill.

Saaty, T. L. (2008). Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process.International Journal of Services Sciences, 1(1), 83-98. doi:

Salleh, M. S., & Omar, M. Z. (2013). University-industry Collaboration Models in Malaysia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 102, 654-664. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.784

Salter, A. J., & Martin, B. R. (2001). The economic benefits of publicly funded basic research: A critical review. Research policy, 30(3), 509-532. doi:10.1016/S0048-7333(00)00091-3

Sanders, M., Clark, R., Davidson, B., &Jayaraman, S. (2015). GT journey: The importance of accessible rich data sources to enable innovation. In Human-Computer Interaction: Users and Contexts. Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-21006-3_9

Santoro, M. D., &Chakrabarti, A. K. (2002).Firm size and technology centrality in industry–university interactions. Research Policy, 31(7), 1163-1180. doi:10.1016/S0048-7333(01)00190-1

Sawhney, M., Verona, G., &Prandelli, E. (2005).Collaborating to create: The Internet as a platform for customer engagement in product innovation. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 19(4), 4-17. doi:10.1002/dir.20046

Şendoğdu, A. A., &Diken, A. (2013). A research on the problems encountered in the collaboration between university and industry. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 99, 966-975. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.570

Siegel, D. S., Waldman, D. A., Atwater, L. E., & Link, A. N. (2003). Commercial knowledge transfers from universities to firms: Improving the effectiveness of university–industry collaboration. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 14(1), 111-133. doi:10.1016/S1047-8310(03)00007-5

Straughan, R. D., & Roberts, J. A. (1999). Environmental segmentation alternatives: A look at green consumer behavior in the new millennium. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 16(6), 558-575. doi:

Tether, B. S., &Tajar, A. (2008). Beyond industry–university links: Sourcing knowledge for innovation from consultants, private research organizations and the public science-base. Research Policy, 37(6), 1079-1095. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2008.04.003

University Grant Commission of India (2013). Online available at: (Accessed: December 11, 2013).

Vauterin, J. J., Linnanen, L., &Marttila, E. (2012). Value creation in international higher education: The role of boundary spanning in university-industry collaboration. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, 4(3), 283-298. doi:

Vest, C. M. (2005). Educating engineers for 2020 and beyond. National Academy of Engineering, 160-169.

Wallin, J., Isaksson, O., Larsson, A., &Elfström, B. O. (2014). Bridging the Gap Between University and Industry: Three Mechanisms for Innovation Efficiency. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 11(1), 1-18. doi: 10.1142/S0219877014400057

Wei, J. I. A., LIU, L. R., & XIE, X. M. (2010). Diffusion of technical innovation based on industry-university-institute cooperation in industrial clusters. The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications, 17, 45-50. doi:10.1016/S1005-8885(09)60583-5

Wells, W., Spence-Stone, R., Crawford, R., Moriarty, S., & Mitchell, N. (2011).Advertising: Principles and practices. Pearson Higher Education AU.

Wixted, B., & Holbrook, J. A. (2013). Reconfiguring National Science and Research Systems: The Role of Charities. Centre for Policy Research on Science and Technology. Online available at:

Xias, F., &Jin, W. (2012). On the factors that affect the proneness of university-industry cooperation: A system engineering perspective. Systems Engineering Procedia, 3, 275-281. doi:10.1016/j.sepro.2011.11.030

Yeravdekar, V. R., & Tiwari, G. (2012).The higher education system in India and its impact on the economy. Available at SSRN 2139894.

Zhu, Q., Sarkis, J., & Lai, K. H. (2012).Examining the effects of green supply chain management practices and their mediations on performance improvements. International Journal of Production Research, 50(5), 1377-1394. doi:10.1080/00207543.2011.571937

Zohar, D. (2010). Thirty years of safety climate research: Reflections and future directions. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42(5), 1517-1522. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2009.12.019