##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published Jul 31, 2019
Felipe George Gomes Pereira https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6885-1595 Rui Carlos Botter Leo Tadeau Robles

Abstract

Brazil plays an important role in the world’s trade of agricultural grains, notably soybeans. Recently, Brazilian production of soybeans has moved to the central-western and northern regions, thus creating a demand for new outflow routes for export. This paper discusses the decision factors for the implementation of specialized port terminals located in the northeast and north of the country, specifically in the area known as Arco Norte. As a methodology, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) decision tool is used. This involves applying a questionnaire to port experts and managers to identify and classify decision criteria for investments in the possible alternatives available in Brazil’s regulatory legislation: leasing of structures in a public port terminal or implementing a private terminal. The results show Port Location (54%) as the most relevant criteria, followed by Economic and Financial (27.8%), Performance and Dimensioning (11.2%), and Contract and Legislation (6.9%) criteria. The study pointed to the investment priority the mode Private Use Terminals, which is confirmed by the country’s recent investment in port terminals which has been effective.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

soybean export logistics, multicriteria analysis, port planning, Brazilian ports

References
Bichou, K., & Gray, R. (2004). A logistics and supply chain management approach to port performance measurement. Maritime Policy and Management, 1, 47-67. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/0308883032000174454

Brasil (2013). Presidência da República. Lei N. 12815 from June, 5, 2013.

Brasil (2017). Presidência da República. Decreto N. 9048, May, 2017.

Brooks, M.R., Culinane, K.P.B., & Pallis, A.A. (2017). Revisiting port governance and port reform: A multi-country examination. Research in Transportation Business and Management. 22, 1-10. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2017.02.005

Caixeta Filho, J.V. (2006). Novos corredores devem mudar matriz de transporte. Visão Agrícola, Ano, 3(5), ESALQ/USP.

CEPEA (Centro de Estudos Avançados em Economia Aplicada – ESALQ/USP) (2017). Índices de exportação do agronegócio.

CNT (Confederação Nacional do Transporte) (2015). Transporte e desenvolvimento. Entraves logísticos ao escoamento de soja e milho.

Conab (Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento) (2017). Estimativa do escoamento das exportações do complexo soja e milho pelos portos nacionais safra 2016/17 (Compêndio de Estudos, 6).

Cutrim, S.S., Robles, L.T., & Pereira, N.N. (Eds) (2015). Tópicos Estratégicos Portuários Volume I. Sao Luis: EDUFMA.

Du, T. (2014/2015). AHP analysis for evaluation of European container port performance. MSc Dissertation. Erasmus University Rotterdam.

Galvão, C.B., Robles, L.T., & Guerise, L.C. (2017). 20 years of port reform in Brazil: Insights into the reform process. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 22, 153–160. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2017.01.002

Gartner, I.R., Rocha, C.H., & Granemann, S.R. (2012). Modelagem multicriterial aplicada a problemas de regulação em áreas portuárias privatizadas (Multi-criteria modeling applied to regulatory issues of privatized port areas). RAC, 16(4), 493-517. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1415-65552012000400002

Hibernon Filho, H.M., Cutrim, S.S., Robles, L.T., & Pereira, N. N. (2016). Potencial e limitações para o escoamento de soja pelos portos da Região Norte. In Brasil: Anais do ENEGEP – Encontro Nacional de Engenharia de Produção. João Pessoa, PB, Brazil: ENEGEP. Doi: https://doi.org/10.14488/enegep2018_tn_sto_265_520_35603

IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística) (2017). Levantamento sistemático da produção agrícola – Tabela 1618.

Khan, Haris M. (2004, May 10-16). Impacts of globalization on port competitiveness. Pakistan & Gulf Economist.

Lirn, T.C., Hathanopoulou, M.J., & Beresford, A.C.K. (2004). An application of AHP on transshipment port selection: A global perspective. Maritime Economics & Logistics, 6, 70-91. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.mel.9100093

Loureiro, J.F., Freitas, R.R., & Gonzales, W. (2015). Proposta de um método de localização para expansão de um terminal portuário por meio do Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Revista Espacios, 36(10). Doi: https://doi.org/10.11606/t.3.2016.tde-05102016-091344

Magalhães, J.R., & Botter, R.C. (2015). Modelo de análise multicritério de apoio à decisão para aprovação de novos terminais portuários privativos no Brasil. In I Congresso Internacional de Desempenho Portuário – CIDESPORT. Doi: https://doi.org/10.17648/cidesport-2018-89368

Malchow, M., & Kanafani, A. (2004). A disaggregate analysis of port selection. Transportation Research Part E, 40, 317-337. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2003.05.001

MAPA (Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento) (2017). Projeções do agronegócio - Brasil 2016/2017 a 2026/27. Projeções de longo prazo. Brasília, DF, Brazil: Secretaria de Política Agrícola.

Marins, C.S., Souza, D.O., & Barros, M.S. (2009). O uso do método de Análise Hierárquica (AHP) na tomada de decisões gerenciais – Um estudo de caso. In Anais do XLI Simpósio Brasileiro de Pesquisa Operacional – SOBRAPO. Porto Seguro, BA, Brazil: Universidade Estadual de Maringá. Doi: https://doi.org/10.14488/enegep2017_tn_sto_247_427_33060

Mazza, M., & Robles, L.T. (2004). Análise dos fatores de decisão na escolha de portos brasileiros na logística de exportação de carga conteinerizada na perspectiva do embarcador: Uma proposta metodológica. In Anais do XI SIMPEP – Simpósio de Engenharia de Produção. Bauru, SP, Brazil: UNESP. Doi: https://doi.org/10.5151/marine-spolm2014-127156

Movimento Pró-Logística do Mato Grosso (2017). A importância do Arco Norte na competitividade da exportação agropecuária.

MTPA (Ministério dos Transportes, Portos e Aviação Civil) (2018). Sistema Portuário Nacional.

Nazemzadeh, M. & Vanelslander, T. (2015). The container transport system: Selection criteria and business attractiveness for North-European ports. Maritime Economics & Logistics, 17(2), 221-245. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1057/mel.2015.1

Nir, A-S., Lin, K., & Liang, G-S. (2003). Port choice behaviour – from the perspective of the shipper. Maritime Policy and Management, 2, 165-173. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/0308883032000069262

Pinheiro, P.C., Kagan, H., Xavier, M., & Znamensky, A. (2003). Aplicação do método de análise hierárquica ao problema de priorização de investimentos em estradas vicinais no Estado de São Paulo. In Anais do XVII Congresso de Pesquisa e Transporte - ANPET. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil: IME. Doi: https://doi.org/10.11606/t.44.1984.tde-25082015-143959

Porto de Santos (2018). Infraestrutura. Acesso ferroviário. Retrieved from http://www.portodesantos.com.br/infraestrutura/acesso-ferroviario/

Rodrigue, J. P., & Notteboom, T. (2017). The containerization of commodities. A new growth dynamic for containerization. In Rodrigue, J-P. (Ed.), The geography of transport systems (4th ed.). New York: Routledge. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137475770.0005

Saaty, T.L. (1996). Decision making with dependence and feedback the Analytic Network Process. Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T.L. (2008). Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Services Sciences, 1(1), 83-98.

Silva, A.C.S., Guedes, E.C.C.; Ribeiro, J.R., Nascimento, L.P.A.S., Belderrain, M.C.N., & Correia, A.R. (2007). Multiple criteria methods applied to select suppliers of a capital goods company. In Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on the Analytic Hierarchy Process for Multi-criteria Decision Making, Viña del Mar, Chile: ISAHP.

Song, D.W., & Yeo, K-T. (2004). A competitive analysis of Chinese container ports using the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Maritime Economics & Logistics, 1, 34-52. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.mel.9100096

Tongzon, J.L. (1995). Determinants of port performance and efficiency. Transportation Research, 3, 245-252.

USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) (2018). Oilseeds World Market and Trade.
Section
Articles