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Published Dec 26, 2017
Orrin Cooper

Abstract

Dr. Thomas Saaty developed the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) with the underlying goal of making it simple and accessible to the lay user. In Saaty’s own words, the AHP is based on how “ordinary people process information†and “express the strength of their judgments†(Saaty, 1994, p. 37). Because he was successful in developing the AHP in accordance with these goals, when decision makers use the AHP their experience can feel magical as they find pairwise comparisons natural and can relate to the final priorities. Careful investigation of the axioms, theorems, and proofs shows that the AHP is more than just magic and provides scientific justification of the highest order. Five important components of the AHP and some background into the history of its development are summarized and highlighted from Saaty’s article, “How to Make a Decision: the Analytic Hierarchy Process†(Saaty, 1994). 

https://doi.org/10.13033/ijahp.v9i3.519

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Keywords

Analytic Hierarchy Process, AHP, Thomas Saaty

References
Saaty, T. L., (1982). Decision making for leaders. Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications.
Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00137918308967693

Saaty, T. L. & Alexander, J. (1989). Conflict resolution: the Analytic Hierarchy Process. New York: Preager.

Saaty, T. L. (1994). How to make a decision: the analytic hierarchy process. Interfaces, 24(6), 19-43. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1287/inte.24.6.19

Saaty, T. L. (2013). The analytic hierarchy process without the theory of Oskar Perron. International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, 5(2), 268-293. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13033/ijahp.v5i2.191

Ferretti, V., & Saaty, T. (2014). Questions and answers: Valentina Ferretti interviews Tom Saaty. International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, 6(2), 132-143. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13033/ijahp.v6i1.235

Wallenius, J., Dyer, Fishburn, P. C., Steuer, R. E., Zionts, S., & Deb, K. (2008). Multiple Criteria Decision Making, Multiattribute Utility Theory: Recent accomplishments and what lies ahead. Management Science, 54(7), 1336-1349. Doi: 10.1287/mnsc.1070.0838

Whitaker, R. (2007). Validation examples of the analytic hierarchy process and analytic network process. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 46(7), 840-859. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcm.2007.03.018
How to Cite
Cooper, O. (2017). THE MAGIC OF THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP). International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, 9(3). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.13033/ijahp.v9i3.519
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