Published Dec 31, 2010
Rafikul Islam Yusof Ismail


By the year 2020, Malaysia aspires to become a fully developed nation. This lofty vision, known as Vision 2020, was unveiled by the former Prime Minister of Malaysia Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad on February 28, 1991. Currently, it is generally felt that the nation has achieved 50 to 60 percent of the objectives of Vision 2020. What needs to be done to achieve the vision and in what areas? These are the questions that we asked to 759 people living in Malaysia (Malaysians as well as Internationals) in a nationwide survey. As expected, the respondents touched upon a wide variety of issues pertaining to education, economy, technology, quality of life, law and order, R&D, and so on. Upon compilation of all the articulated issues, an affinity diagram was developed. Subsequently, the Analytic Hierarchy Process has been applied in each component of the affinity diagram. This application identifies the main issues that need to be addressed in order to realize the objectives of Vision 2020. The present research findings are expected to provide useful guidelines to the policy makers at the national level in the course of fine tuning Vision 2020 strategies.



Download data is not yet available.



developed country, vision 2020, affinity diagram, analytic hierarchy process, Malaysia

Abdullah, O.Y. (1993). Human resource development: The key towards a developed and
industrialized society. In: Hamid, ASA, editor. Malaysia’s Vision 2020: Understanding
the Concept, Implications and Challenges (p. 315-326), Kuala Lumpur: Pelanduk
Andersen, B., Henriksen, B., & Spjelkavik, I. (2008). Benchmarking applications in
public sector principal-agent relationships. Benchmarking: An International Journal,
15(6), 723-741.
Fawcett, S.E., Wallin, C., Allred, C., Magnan, G. (2009). Supply chain information
sharing: Benchmarking a proven path. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 16(2),
Islam, R. (2005). Prioritization of ideas in an affinity diagram by AHP: an example of Keconomy.
IIUM Journal of Economics and Management, 13(1), 71-108.
Kassim, M.S.M. (1993). Vision 2020: Its linkages with the sixth Malaysian plan and the
second outline perspective plan. In: Hamid ASA, editor. Malaysia’s Vision 2020:
Understanding the Concept, Implications and Challenges (p. 67-87), Kuala Lumpur:
Pelanduk Publications.
Lim, T. (2009). One Malaysia. New Straits Times, May 31, p. R8.
Mauro, P. (1995). Corruption and growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics, CX(442),
Mohamad , M. (1991). The way forward: Vision 2020. www.epu.jpm.my, accessed on
April 28, 2008.
Rahman, O.A. (1993). Industrial targets of vision 2020: The science and technology
perspective. In: Hamid ASA, editor. Malaysia’s Vision 2020: Understanding the
Concept, Implications and Challenges (p. 271-299), Kuala Lumpur: Pelanduk
Saaty, T.L. (2005). Theory and Applications of the Analytic Network Process: Decision
Making with Benefits, Opportunities, Costs, and Risks. Pittsburgh, PA: RWS
Sennyah, P. & Sharmini, P. (2005). Go for lifelong education. New Straits Times, May
17, p. 2.
Staff Reporter (2005). Selangor developed state: Did you know? New Straits Times,
August 27, p. 30.
Strauss, T. (2001). Growth and government: Is there a difference between developed and
developing countries? Economics of Governance, 2, 135-157.